Known for selling vehicles from buses to automobiles to light-, medium- and heavy-duty trucks and auto parts, FAW Group Corporation was established in 1953 under the name Firs Automobile Works. FAW Automotive is the first and oldest Chinese automobile manufacturer when it unveiled the Hong Qi, the country’s first domestically manufactured passenger car in 1958.
The company’s first aim was to be a truck manufacturer thus sending a team of Chinese workers to learn the art of truck manufacturing in the Soviet Union. A year after it was established, FAW Automotive produced the four-ton Jie Fang CA-10 truck. A truck inspired by the Russian ZIS-150. With the full support of Soviet Russia, FAW established their first vehicle-manufacturing plant in Changchun—a strategic location chosen by Russia.
In the advent of rolling out the first Chinese passenger vehicle, FAW immediately caught the attention of consumers. However, the first Hong Qi was meant to service the elite since it was meant to be a line of luxury sedans. The Hong Qi remained in full production for over three decades. Seeing the manufacturing plant of FAW, Audi signed a joint venture with the company to manufacture Audi vehicles. The joint venture caught the attention of Chinese state officials thus preferring the FAW Audi vehicles.
In 1992, the company has been renamed from First Automobile Works to China FAW Group Corporation. FAW was one of the first automotive manufacturing companies to sign joint ventures with foreign automakers, in 1990, it entered a joint venture with Volkswagen launching the FAW Automotive as a company with one of the greatest working relationship with a foreign company. With strong joint ventures with Audi and Volkswagen, FAW was able to acquire half of the ownership of Tianjin Automotive Xiali in 2002. This spawned FAW’s scheme to begin the manufacturing of their own passenger vehicle. The company was then renamed as FAW Tianjin. In acquiring the company it ended up entering a joint venture with Toyota. In 2009, it entered another joint venture with General Motors among other companies.
By 2008, the company celebrates the production of more than 1.5 million vehicles and the fact that it was the largest machinery corporation and the second largest vehicle manufacturer in China and about 2.6 million vehicles by 2011.
FAW logo features the ‘winged 1’ emblem created in 1964. This is derived from the Chinese 汽 meaning ‘first’ and 汽車 meaning ‘automobile’. The wings also represent an outspread hawks wings depicting the aggressive approach of FAW automotive in the automaker industry.
- FAW Hong Qi
This is a Chinese luxury vehicle of FAW, Hong Qi means ‘Red Flag’. This vehicle is the parent of FAWs line of executive cars. The Hong Qi was in production from 1958 to 1981.
This model made its debut in 2006; this line of sedan has three variants the Besturn B50, Besturn B70 and Besturn X80. The pinyin for the Besturn is Yīqì Bēnténg.
- Toyota Corolla
Also known as one of the most iconic vehicles in history the Toyota Corolla—still in production—it FAW Toyota’s best-selling vehicle and also the top-selling vehicle in China.
FAW Automotive has its headquarters at Changchun, Jilin province. The main research and development, test center and main operations unit is found along with two production plants where one of them is exclusively for producing Volkswagen vehicles.
FAW-Toyota, FAW Jie Fang Truck Co., Ltd. and FAW Volkswagen plants can also be found in Chengdu, Sichuan province. FAW also has assembly plants in Dalian, Liaoning Province (for Jie Fang and Yuan Zheng); Foshan, Guangdong (FAW-VW); Hainan (Mazda); Harbin; Pudong (Jie Fang); Tianjin (FAW-Toyota); and, Qingdao (Jie Fang)
What To Love about FAW?
Standardized Manufacturing System and Low Recall Rate
FAW has its own test center, research and development centers and other facilities for quality and standard testing. FAW vehicles are all created under close monitoring and product care control that the recall rate of any malfunctions in their products are very low.
What Not To Love About FAW?
Lack of Techy Gizmo Availability
Most vehicles nowadays are up to date with connectivity and on-board entertainment, FAW vehicle, however does not have any of these. FAW vehicles focus more on function and practical use than other possible techy upgrades in the vehicle.
Images Source: Wikimedia.org.